Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulatons 851 For Industrial Establishments
Clause 51. –

(1) a lifting device shall,
(a) be thoroughly examined by a competent person to determine its capability of handling the maximum load as rated,
(i) prior to being used for the first time, and
(ii) thereafter as often as necessary but not less frequently than recommended by the manufacturer and in any case, at least once a year, and a permanent record shall be kept, signed by the competent person doing the examination.

Forklift Safety Inspection

Listed below are areas of inspection for material handling equipment (ie: forklift) in accordance with the Occupational Health and Safety Act – Clause 51

Visual Inspection:

  • Forks: Class rating, lock pins, fork bars, welds, wear allowance
  • Carriage: Bars, chains, bearings, welds, load-back-rest
  • Mast: Bearings, trunnions, crosshead bars, welds
  • Lift Cylinders: Leaks, lines, anchors, drift
  • Tilt Cylinders: Leaks, hosing, tilt range, drift
  • Frame: Welds, alignment, data (load rate) plate
  • Counterweight: Mounting
  • Overhead Guard: Screening, welds, anchors
  • Cab: Welds, anchors, guarding
  • Tires and Wheels: Tread, rims, sidewalls
  • Attachments: Capacity, leaks, welds, derating
  • L.P.G. System: Regulation hoses, mountings, tank brackets


  • Hydraulics: Lifting speeds, controls, limit switches, safety valving operation
  • Brakes: Operation, stopping distance, pedal travel
  • Emergency Brake: Cable operation, switch operation holding ability
  • Electrical: Horn, lights, microswitches, warning systems, direction controls
  • Engine and Fuel: Exhaust emissions, mountings leaks, relief valve
  • Steering: Operation, alignment, mounting
  • Batteries: Cleanliness, mounting, covers

Inspection based on an outward visual inspection and test drive. Teardown and repairs may be necessary to meet safety requirements in accordance with O.H.S.A. (55).